Classifications of the breed Camelus
Dromedarius affect the conformation to a large
extent. There are many classifications of the
dromedary camel throughout the regions of its
traditional global habitat. These are far too
numerous to list here, but suffice to say that the
majority of camels imported into Australia came
from the regions of the Great Indian Desert in
northern India and the Thar Desert in Pakistan.
These were the heavy draft camel.
There is evidence that some camels were imported
from Sudan as riding camels. These Sudani camels
have a finer confirmation and are considered to be
the equivalent of the thoroughbred horse breed.
They are much sought after by the camel racing
fraternity in the Arab Gulf countries.
selective breeding may have taken place by
individual camel owners in these traditional areas
of the world, it would be fair to say that the only
recognised camel stud with large numbers, was
established by Sir Thomas Elder of Beltana in South
Australia. However, over many years of natural
breeding in the arid areas of Australia, the camel
has evolved to produce a typical Australian camel.
This is still basically a heavy draft type of camel
and is unique only in that it is derived from the
only remaining wild herds in the world.
were also a few two-humped camels (Camelus
Bactrianus) imported into Australia. When cross
bred with the dromedary camel the resulting progeny
have a unique conformation. Typically they are
shorter in stature, stocky and heavily muscled with
one long hump giving the appearance of an elongated
body. Another distinguishing feature is the
extensive coat distribution of wool. This
crossbreed does occur but is not common in the
Australian feral herd.